In 2019, GGGI launched the first benchmarked Green Growth Index, a composite index measuring a country’s performance in achieving sustainability targets including Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), Paris Climate Agreement, and Aichi Biodiversity Targets for four green growth dimensions – efficient and sustainable resource use, natural capital protection, green economic opportunities, and social inclusion. The Index aims to provide policymakers with a metric to measure green growth performance and on which to base their decisions.
In this new report in 2020, there are two main improvements made in the Index – the computation of trend from 2005 to 2019, and the replacement of several proxy variables with more relevant indicators or better data availability.
03. Regional Outlook
To understand the performances of countries, it is important to review the trends over the past years which are disaggregated by region and dimension. Understanding the reasons for the upward and downward trends in the Index and its dimensions allows policymakers to gain insight into which areas of green growth require more attention.
Although the trends differ across continents for other dimensions, green economic opportunities are consistently below targets and largely stable across time, except in Europe where the trend is rising slightly and greater than other regions. Across all continents, social inclusion scores have risen systematically over the past 15 years. This is especially true in areas with many developing countries like Asia and Africa.